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The EU's Conditionality in the Case of Moldova: Failure or Success?. Leonid Litra. Institut fur Europaische Politik. 23.12.2009. 23.12.2009
Draft Paper - Please do not quote.This paper was prepared within the Study Programme on European Security implemented by Institut fur Europaische Politik.The final paper will be published on www.iep-berlin.de
 
Presentation by Victor Chirila, Executive Director APE:Moldova: East or West“Between Moscow and Brussels”. Stanford University, Palo Alto. 06.11.2009. 07.11.2009
 
Irina Severin: Moving Beyond Russia's Embrace. Radio Free Europe. 29.10.2009 29.10.2009
Russia enjoys dabbling in the domestic politics of its neighboring countries, publicly supporting its favorite politicians and demonstrating its contempt for those whom it dislikes. But it rarely -- at least among its European neighbors -- gets the result it is seeking. The most recent example is Moldova.
 
Biden Urges Central Europe To Help Guide Fledgling Democracies. Radio Free Europe. 22.10.2009. 22.10.2009
U.S. Vice President Joe Biden speaks at the Central University Library in Bucharest.
 
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Still Divides Europe. Radio Free Europe. 17.10.2009. 17.10.2009
Called "Europe 70 years after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact," and sponsored by the Baltic states Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, the conference was organized to discuss the fates of those countries -- together with Poland, Romania and Finland -- that were stripped of their national statehood and relegated to the status of pawns in the designs of Europe's two great powers in 1939.
 
Analysis by Victor Chirila, Foreign Policy Association acting executive director: CIS Summit behind, AEI remains united. Info-Prim Neo. 12.10.2009. 12.10.2009
The Summit of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) took place in Chisinau on October 9. This event, in the view of the former government, was to crown the victory of the Communists Party (PCRM) in this year’s parliamentary elections. Moreover, if the PCRM remained in power, the CIS Summit was to sanction the reorientation to the East of Moldova’s foreign policy. The PCRM’s defeat in the early legislative elections of July 29 and the coming to power of the Alliance for European Integration (AEI) thwarted the plans of the former head of state Vladimir Voronin and his party.
 
Thomas Escritt: Moldova ready to lean toward the west. Financial Times. 14.09.2009. 14.09.2009
A ruling by Moldova’s constitutional court on Thursday could clear the way for the former Soviet republic to form a western-leaning government after almost six months of political turmoil that began after contested elections in April failed to deliver a clear verdict.
 
Nicu Popescu: Moldova defies post-Soviet traditions. EUOBSERVER. 10.08.2009. 10.08.2009
Obviously every country’s transition from socialism to democracy had its unique set of models and circumstances (and many countries do not even pretent to be in “transition”). All transitions are sui generis. At this stage Moldova is strengthening its break from the typically authoritarian post-Soviet governance models, and might be evolving towards the messier style of Central European politics in the 90s. It has no obvious Dzurinda who would accelerate and implement successfully a European reform agenda, and most importantly it does not have an EU accession perspective. Politics will almost inevitably be incredibly messy.
 
EU's Eastern Partnership: Additional Possibilities for European Integration of Ukraine. Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research. 07.09.2009. 07.08.2009
This book is an analytical publication which highlights the analysis of a new format of the EU policy in the East (concerning Ukraine, Georgia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Moldova) and views on possibilities of this policy application for further process of the European integration of Ukraine, that is in bilateral dimension – full integration of Ukraine to the EU structures, and in multilateral dimension – development and en-hancement of regional cooperation between all the Eastern partners and the EU; as well as recommendations for using the Eastern Partnership possibilities.
 
Victor Chirila: The Republic of Moldova runs the risk of becoming a “mission impossible” for the EU. Info-Prim Neo. 05.08.2009. 05.08.2009
Commentary by Victor Chirila, Executive Director ad-interim of the Foreign Policy Association of Moldova.
 
Time to solve the Trans-Dniester problem. Louis O'Neill. Kyiv Post. 22.07.2009. 22.07.2009
The “overload/reset” button was at least somewhat pressed during the Obama-Tandem summit earlier this month, between the American president and the twin rulers of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev and Vladimir Putin.
 
EU Ministers Discuss Developments In Iran, Israel, Moldova. Ahto Lobjakas, Radio Free Europe, June 15, 2009. 18.06.2009
Foreign ministers from the 27 EU member states faced a complex agenda as they met in Luxembourg, staking out cautious positions in response to developments in Iran and Israel. The ministers extended an invitation to Moldova to hold talks on a new cooperation agreement as soon as the EU is satisfied Chisinau is committed to reforms.
 
Louis O'Neill: Moldova Crisis Is An Opportunity For The EU, Radio Free Europe 10.06.2009
The partnership was launched on May 7 in Prague to lackluster reviews as several key European leaders -- most notably Gordon Brown, Nicolas Sarkozy, and Silvio Berlusconi -- failed to show up. Many who did come crossed their fingers that a notorious invitee, Alyaksandr Lukashenka, would stay far away. As it turns out, the Belarusian leader didn’t make it and neither did then- (and still-) acting Moldovan President Vladimir Voronin.
 
Mired in Moldova: "Can Europe's last Communist government hang on?", Louis O'Neill. Foreign Policy Website 20.05.2009
On May 20, the Moldovan opposition passed its first real test of unity when it effectively boycotted the session of the new Parliament -- elected in the controversial polls of April 5 -- that was convened to choose the country's next president. Rapid-fire, there will be another, possibly decisive vote for president, and Vladimir Voronin, the Communist Party head, Parliament speaker, and acting president, called it for May 28.
 
Creating good neighbours in Russia's backyard. By Andrew Wilson and Nicu Popescu. The Moscow Time. 17.05.2009
European Union policy toward its neighbours to the east is in trouble, despite the launch of its new Eastern Partnership. European public opinion is increasingly introspective and sporadically protectionist. So what is to be done about the "grey zone" to Europe's east -- the six countries that now lie between the EU and Russia? Inaction is unacceptable. The region has been badly hit by the economic crisis, made all the worse by internal political turmoil and serious security dangers.
 
Moldova: recession hits a frozen conflict. Louis O'Neill, OpenDemocracy 14.05.2009 Louis O'Neill
"With Moldova's horde of guest workers heading home, the effects of global recession will hit Europe's poorest country hard. This crisis could be used to unlock its frozen conflict with Transnistria", comments Louis O'Neill
 
The World's Most Unhappy People. Louis O’Neill. Wall Street Journal. 21.04.2009
The recent government crackdown in Moldova on violent protests against allegations of electoral fraud during the April 5 parliamentary vote brings to mind Eric Weiner's "The Geography of Bliss." The author's year-long search for the world's happiest place led him to the conclusion that Moldovans must be the most unhappy people. Without an "abiding faith or culture on which to rely," Mr. Weiner wrote, Moldovans harbor a superstitious world-view that is "free-floating, anchored to nothing but the cloud of pessimism that hovers over this sad land."
 
Wake-Up Call for the Kremlin. Louis O’Neill. Moscow Times. 10.04.2009
For the first time in recent memory, the heavy hitters of international election monitoring -- the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe's Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, the Council of Europe and the European Parliament -- were in agreement with Russia-led observers from the Commonwealth of Independent States: Moldovan parliamentary elections on Sunday were run more or less in accordance with accepted norms. Nonetheless, provocateur-instigated violence and vandalism broke out in Chisinau following massive, peaceful and spontaneous opposition protests.
 
Putting Moldova on the map. Nicu Popescu. The Guardian, 10.04.2009. 10.04.2009
The European Union is the only political actor with the credibility to find a solution to the current crisisWhen a crowd of demonstrators stormed Moldova's presidential palace and parliament building this week, many in the west struggled to understand what was happening there. Was it a new Ukraine-style "colour revolution", or a Latvia-style riot sparked by the economic crisis? The truth is it's neither.
 
An EU response to Moldova’s Twitter Revolution. Nicu Popescu. EUOBSERVER, 07.04.2009 07.04.2009 - 15.04.2009
Moldova is the latest country in Europe to collapse into crisis after a contested election. Some 15.000 people, communicating through web-sites like ‘Twitter’, took to the street to protest against unfair elections taking control of the Parliament and Presidential Palace. The protests follow on from Georgia’s Rose revolution in 2004, Ukraine’s Orange Revolution in 2005, and the killing of ten protestors against election fraud in Armenia in March 2008.
 
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Opinions & Comments

The new presidents of Bulgaria and Moldova are less pro-Russian than advertised.The Economist. 14.11.2016 11.11.2016
Victoria Bucataru of the Foreign Policy Association, a Moldovan think-tank, suspects that Mr Dodon and Mr Plahotniuc had “a secret alliance” to stop Ms Sandu and her reform agenda. She anticipates that Mr Dodon will follow his announced first visit to Moscow with a reassuring one to Brussels. His election
Moldova Elections Aren’t About Europe or Russia. They’re About Moldova.Andrew Kolb.German Marshall Fund. 10.11.2016 11.11.2016
After this week’s U.S. election, not many in the United States or Western Europe are focused on the elections that are taking place in Moldova. Those who have been following saw a fascinating political drama unfold, as Maia Sandu took 38 percent of the vote to Socialist Party’s Igor
Crisis in Moldova. A republic, if you can steal it. The Economist. 30.01.2016 01.02.2016
IN 1918 the then three-month-old Moldovan republic gave up the struggle for survival and united with neighbouring Romania. It is a sign of how dire things are today, says Iulian Fota, a Romanian analyst, that people are talking about doing so again. Ever since 2014, when the embezzlement of about
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Interviews

Interview with Mr. Ion Sturza, ex Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova: „It is not Putin who is powerful, it is the global leaders who are weak “. Adevarul.ro. 23.03.2014 23.03.2014 // 92.702Kb

Mr. Sturza (53 years old) has started his political carrier in 1999 and became well-known for his nine-month running of the government. Although he withdrew from the political scene, many conationals would be in favor of his presidency in the county across the Prut River (Republic of Moldova – note
Interview with Victor Chirila: Moldova is close to becoming politically and institutionally failed state. Info-Prim Neo. 27.05.2013. 28.05.2013
The Republic of Moldova is very close to becoming a politically and institutionally failed state that will be ignored by its main foreign partners. According to Victor Chirila, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association, the only chance to avoid this collapse is to form a pro-European Government consisting of
Interview with the President of the Republic of Moldova, Nicolae Timofti, to the Lithuanian website http://eurodialogue.org/ 13.07.2012
Nicolae Timofti: I mean a bridge for people, goods and ideas to cross it over. In the Republic of Moldova, we have experts and institutions which are familiar with both East and West. Hundreds of thousands of Moldovans have travelled in Western Europe during the last years and continue to
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Documents

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL, Fourth Report on the implementation by the Republic of Moldova of the Action Plan on Visa Liberalisation. 21.06.2013. 21.06.2013 // 215.386Kb


Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2012 Regional Report: Eastern Partnership, Brussels, 20.3.2013, SWD(2013) 85 final 21.03.2013

Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in Republic of Moldova, Progress in 2012 and recommendations for action, Brussels, 20.3.2013, SWD(2013) 80 final 21.03.2013 // 203.862Kb


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Studies

Frontiers of Democracy:Embedding Democratic Values in Central and Eastern Europe. Good practices and limits of transferability/ CEU/Visegrad Fund/APE. Edited by Bogdan Mihai Radu and Zsuzsanna Végh 02.02.2017
Democratization is a complex process that entails both critical choices of new institutions, and the rooting of those institutions in the societal ethos. Much of the literature on democratic transition, consolidation and Europeanization has been dominated by the study of legal and institutional crafting, especially concerning the post-communist and post-Soviet
Corneiul Ciurea: Confidence-Building in Moldova: Domestic and External Security Challenges. EU/ CIPDD/ APE/ PIC /EaP/ CSF 25.08.2016
Moldova’s security requires a consistent response to home-grown corruption and the risk of resulting political destabilisation along side the risks posed by the Russia Ukraine conflict and information warfare. Confidence-Building in Moldova:Domestic and External Security Challenges assesses the priorities for a security strategy to rebuild trust among citizens and strengthen
Dovilė Šukytė,Victoria Bucătaru,Simonas Čepėnas,Hennadiy Maksak,Svetlana Rogov,Iurii VdovenkoECONOMIC CHALLENGES OF UKRAINE AND MOLDOVA ON THE WAY TO EU. 22.02.2016 // 922.737Kb

The study is a result of the Capacity Building for Moldovan and Ukrainian NGOs to Assess the Economic Impact of Politically Motivated Actions project made possible by the re-granting mechanism of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum, which includes assistance of the European Union and the National Endowment for Democracy.
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Multimedia

Weekly Radio Programme 01.02.2009

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